Trekking in the high Himalayas is adventurous and challenging. You must be fit and in relatively good health. You may need to check with your physician before you trek in the Himalayas. Also do not forget to bring prescribed medications from home if you have health problems. Your Trekking guide will also offer you a first-aid kit for incidental sickness and injuries while on your trek.
Health Problems while trekking in Nepal:
- A sore throat, cough, and the common cold are due to the dry mountain air which may lead to a chest infection. This problem can be solved by wearing a face mask. Smoking and alcohol should be avoided at high altitudes.
- Diarrhea, constipation and upset stomach caused by unhealthy food and drinks. To avoid it, always drink from water bottles or filtered water, and be sure to wash your hands frequently. Also, be sure to bring a good antibiotic from home, such as ciprofloxacin, in addition to the suggestions for your medical kit.
- Foot problems and blisters. Wearing good footwear and thick socks is a must. Bring some moleskin for blisters.
- Muscle pain and spasms: Bring a good non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as Aleve, or an acetaminophen (Tylenol).
- Loss of energy. Eating more carbohydrates and taking energy tablets should help.
A simple but adequate medical kit can be very useful while traveling. The following items are recommended:
- Calamine lotion to ease irritation from bites or stings.
- Kaolin preparation (Pepto-Bismol), Imodium or Lomita, for an upset stomach.
- Antihistamine as a decongestant for colds, allergies and to help prevent motion sickness.
Antiseptic for cuts and grazes.
- Antibiotics for cuts.
- Aspirin of Paradox for pain or fever.
- Re-hydration mixture – for treatment of severe diarrhea.
- Bandages and band-aids for minor injuries.
- Scissors, tweezers, thermometer, insect repellent, sun block lotions, chopsticks or utensils, water purification tablets, throat lozenges, moleskin, eye drops and antacid tablets.